Nokha is a small mandi town,Tehsil Headquarter, in the midst of the Great Indian Thar Desert situated on N.H.89, 65 km south of the Bikaner district headquarters. Which include over 145 revenue villages having a population of more then 3.74 lakhs in rural and around 0.62 lakh in urban area. Most of the demography, about 70%, is spread and scattered over the surrounding villages in settlements called dhanies.
Nokha is a small mandi town,Tehsil Headquarter in the midst of the Great Indian Thar Desert, situated on N.H. 89 and 65 km south of the Bikaner district headquarters. Which include over 145 revenue villages having a population of more than 3.74 lakhs in rural and 0.62 lakh in urban. Most of the demography about 70%, is spread and scattered over the surrounding villages in settlements called dhanies.
The population density is as very low as 65 people per sq. km. The region faces harsh climatic conditions extremely hot in summers and very cold in winters. Water table is below up to 500 fit. Nokha west area facing drinking water problem. Mostly people depend on rain water and here people are facing alternate every year’s drought conditions
Nokha town and the surrounding villages under its Administrative Jurisdiction are home to diverse communities. The majority are Hindus. Muslims are very few families and living only in the town. Among the Hindus there are different caste denominations namely, Jats, Bishnois, Rajputs, Charans, Brahmins, Banias, Suthars, Kumhars, Sonars, Nais, Darjees and Luhars etc.The other section of Hindu sub-castes called scheduled castes (SC) are also significant (About 28%).These include Meghwals, Nayaks, Sansis and valmikies. The Jats,Bishnois and other OBC cast who are also included in the OBC status, comprise the largest caste in terms of population (about 52%). The remaining 19-20% comprise,what is called here, the `upper castes`. These include Brahmins and Rajputs. Caste plays an influential role in the political, economic and social arenas with instances of discrimination on the basis of caste quite common. Yet the Schedule Castes are the most underprivileged sections of Nokha rural area.
The major contributors of the economy of this region are as under: